Red back salamander sex difference in Whitby

Published online Jun The progression of overuse tendon damage from subclinical process to clinical injury requiring surgical intervention results in severe morbidity and cost. Structural and mechanical effects of in vivo fatigue damage induction on murinetendon.

Spotila, J.

Have you seen a red-backed salamander? Plethodon cinereuslike many plethodon species, exhibit homing behavior, with homing of females to their nests, as well as non-attending females and males to a home range. Overall, this species does not appear to be declining in significant numbers.

Red back salamander sex difference in Whitby both phases, this salamander has black and white mottling on the belly and lower sides. However, some red-backed salamanders are thought to engage in social monogamy, and may maintain codefended territories throughout their active periods.

Retrieved 13 October The species inhabits wooded slopes in eastern North America, west to Missouri, south to North Carolina, and north from southern Quebec and the Maritime provinces in Canada to Minnesota. Data related to Plethodon cinereus at Wikispecies.

This stripe is usually red or brownish orange but may be yellow, pink or grey.

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Hidden categories: Articles with 'species' microformats. It usually hibernates underground but may also overwinter in small mammal dens or even ant mounds. The females tend the eggs for six to eight weeks and stay with the hatchlings for one to three weeks. Namespaces Article Talk.

The species largely consumes invertebrates and other detritus dwellers. Report a Sighting. This species, which defends its small territory from other salamanders and tends to wander very little, eat a variety of small terrestrial invertebrates and is sometimes cannibalistic.

The Canadian Field-Naturalist.

Plethodon serratus , leadback phase. Stem Cell Res. This site is covered by US Law and international treaties. Conflict of interest The authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

Red back salamander sex difference in Whitby

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  • Sexual and seasonal differences in the vomeronasal epithelium of the red‐backed salamander (Plethodon cinereus) Dr. Ellen M. Dawley. Corresponding Author. Department of Biology, Ursinus College, Collegeville, Pennsylvania Cited by: The red-backed salamander is a small terrestrial salamander, – cm (– in) in total length (including tail), which usually lives in forested areas under rocks, logs, bark, and other debris. It is one of the most numerous salamanders throughout its range. The red-backed salamander exhibits color polymorphism and two color variations are common: the "red-backed" or "red-stripe Family: Plethodontidae.
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  • Physical condition of salamanders was not significantly different among the four habitats. Furthermore, adult sex ratios of P. cinereus typically were not significantly. Eastern Red-backed Salamander, Red-backed Salamander, (Northern Plethodon cinereus has been shown to harbor different species of bacteria on its skin that scores than uninfected salamanders (even after accounting for gender​).
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  • Red-backed salamanders are amphibians with long, slender bodies and long tails. They have two color Sexual Dimorphism; sexes alike. Average mass: g. Every species has different sex characteristics, so first make sure you know what species you Eastern, red-spotted, or broken-striped newts (Notophthalmus viridescens). Outside of The sexes are distinguished by the width of the back legs.
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  • Nonforested habitats such as open fields and pastures have been considered unsuitable for desiccation-prone woodland salamanders such as the Eastern Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus). Recent research has suggested that Plethodon cinereus may not only disperse across but also reside within open habitats including fields, meadows, and pastures. However, presence and high. The Western Red Back Salamander can be found all over the pacific northwest from BC south to Southern Oregon. This salamander can be found under rocks and fallen wood, along stream banks, and in well shaded, damp forests. The western redback salamander has dark sides and a red, yellow, green, or tan stripe down its back.
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  • Red back salamander (Plethodon cinereus): Red-backed salamanders are common across North America and grow to be about 5 inches in length. They have black bodies and a gray and white belly. While they are called “red-backed” salamanders, not all of them have the color red on their backs. This small and slender salamander has two different colour phases. The more typical is black or dark grey with a broad, straight-edged stripe down the back from head to tail. This stripe is usually red or brownish orange but may be yellow, pink or grey. A leadback phase also occurs, in which the salamander is solid black or dark grey.
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  • What red back, I hear you ask? Plethodon cinereus comes in two forms: one with a distinct red stripe, one without. This is the one without variety. I'll see if I can find one with at some point. 11/3/ · This picture of a Red-back Salamander was taken in the Drynan Forest near Ayr,
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