For D. Carson HL. However, other studies suggest that male D. Measuring the effects of pairing success, extra-pair copulations and mate quality on the opportunity for sexual selection. This data has been text mined from the article, or deposited into data resources.
To determine whether male-biased genes are more likely than other genes to be differentially expressed between populations, we used a two-fold expression difference in modENCODE data from whole adult males vs. To address this issue, albeit indirectly, we estimated tau [ 4041 ], an index of tissue specificity, for each gene using FlyAtlas data [ 42 ].
Tissue major difference between sex determination in drosophila and humans in Fairfield and developmental context should be considered in any future searches for direct SXL or TRA targets. In sharp contrast with the diversity of primary sex-determining signals, some key regulatory genes play conserved roles in the molecular pathways leading to male or female gonad development across invertebrates and vertebrates, such as the doublesex-mab3 DM family genes .
It is unclear if PGE is found in other species of lice but their unusual spermatogenesis—where haploid sperm cells undergo several rounds of mitotic division after meiosis with an elimination of half of all sperm during the last division—is found across the order and might be a signature of PGE.
Sci Data. For both data sets, SNP calls at every variable position within the CDS regions of a given gene were assigned to an individual and for each individual the number of unique SNP combinations across CDSs regions was counted as the number of alleles for a gene.
All the compiled data, including references, are available at www.
SNP frequencies for each population 3 biological replicates pooled together; median coverage for the SNPs were for D. Here were present results from DESeq2 differentially expressed genes because these results showed the greatest consistency compared to the other two methods. Nat Protoc.
S16 Table. Firstly, we applied Eq 3 to investigate the relative contribution of male mate number M , paternity share P , mate productivity N and their covariances in explaining variance in offspring sired T. Moreover, the degree of functional annotation enrichment associated with expression differences is much greater in D.